Relating Language Examinations to the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment (CEFR) / Brian North and Neil Jones

In setting standards, the issue of their maintenance over time, of their continuity within the developmental and operational testing cycle is of course fundamental. It is important to try and relate the setting and maintaining of standards to such a cycle. It is this area with which this document is essentially concerned. It also suggests ways of using teacher judgements to set standards, using CEFR-based descriptors and/or assessment criteria to establish a link across languages. The document discusses approaches exploiting teacher and/or self-assessment to set the actual standards. But the fundamental emphasis is put on the need to see standard setting in the context of a scale of levels, a range of languages, developmental and operational cycles, and administrations over time. All these points concern scaling.

Manual - Extra Material - proofread - FINAL.doc (1)
Categories: Assessment
Tags: CEFR

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