Types of Prepositions according to Form

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1. Simple Preposition: Simple prepositions are one-word prepositions that indicate direction, location, or time. Examples of simple prepositions include at, in, on, of, to, from, by, and with. These prepositions usually precede a noun or a noun phrase and express the relationship between that noun and the rest of the sentence. For example, “The book is on the table.” Here, “on” is a simple preposition indicating the location of the book in relation to the table.

2. Compound Prepositions: Compound prepositions are made up of two or more words that function as a single preposition. These prepositions are formed by combining simple prepositions with nouns, adjectives, or other words. Some examples of compound prepositions include in front of, in spite of, because of, out of, and according to. For example, “He hid behind the couch” uses the compound preposition “behind of” to indicate the location of the hiding.

3. Double Prepositions: Double prepositions are made up of two simple prepositions used together to indicate a more specific relationship between two things. Examples of double prepositions include into, onto, within, without, and among. For instance, “She jumped onto the skateboard” uses the double preposition “onto” to indicate that she moved from off the ground to the surface without touching the ground between.

4. Participle Prepositions: Participle prepositions are verbs used as prepositions. They are usually formed by adding -ing, -ed, or -en to a verb, such as “concerning,” “according to,” and “including.” For instance, “During the concert, people were dancing” uses “during” as a participle preposition to indicate the time frame.

5. Detached Prepositions: Detached prepositions are prepositions that stand alone in a sentence without a noun or pronoun after them. They are often used in informal and spoken language. Some examples include “Who are you talking to?” or “What are you looking for?”

6. Disguised Prepositions: These prepositions are frequently disguised as other components of the English language. In statements, these prepositions are frequently disguised as “a” and “o.” A hidden preposition that is not actually used or utilised in a phrase but is addressed indirectly is known to as an indirect preposition. Some of the examples of disguised prepositions are;

  1. He usually wakes up at 6 o’clock. (of the clock)
  2. Rimi went a shore (onshore)

7. Phrasal Prepositions: Phrasal prepositions are phrases that are used as prepositions, such as in spite of, on top of, and by means of. These prepositions are often formed by combining a preposition with an adverb, verb, or noun. They function like simple prepositions to show the relationship between two things. For example, “In spite of the rain” uses the phrasal preposition “in spite of” to indicate that something happened despite the presence of rain.

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